43 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2012
Date Written: February 2012
Although many countries are aggressively implementing the One Laptop per Child (OLPC) program, there is a lack of empirical evidence on its effects. This paper presents the impact of the first large-scale randomized evaluation of the OLPC program, using data collected after 15 months of implementation in 319 primary schools in rural Peru. The results indicate that the program increased the ratio of computers per student from 0. 12 to 1. 18 in treatment schools. This expansion in access translated into substantial increases in use both at school and at home. No evidence is found of effects on enrollment and test scores in Math and Language. Some positive effects are found, however, in general cognitive skills as measured by Raven’s Progressive Matrices, a verbal fluency test and a Coding test.
JEL Classification: C93, I21, I28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Cristia, Julian and Ibarraran, Pablo and Cueto, Santiago and Santiago, Ana and Severin, Eugenio, Technology and Child Development: Evidence from the One Laptop Per Child Program (February 2012). IDB Working Paper No. IDB-WP-304. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2032444 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2032444