Technology and Child Development: Evidence from the One Laptop Per Child Program

43 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2012  

Julian Cristia

Inter-American Development Bank

Pablo Ibarraran

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Santiago Cueto

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ana Santiago

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Eugenio Severin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 2012

Abstract

Although many countries are aggressively implementing the One Laptop per Child (OLPC) program, there is a lack of empirical evidence on its effects. This paper presents the impact of the first large-scale randomized evaluation of the OLPC program, using data collected after 15 months of implementation in 319 primary schools in rural Peru. The results indicate that the program increased the ratio of computers per student from 0. 12 to 1. 18 in treatment schools. This expansion in access translated into substantial increases in use both at school and at home. No evidence is found of effects on enrollment and test scores in Math and Language. Some positive effects are found, however, in general cognitive skills as measured by Raven’s Progressive Matrices, a verbal fluency test and a Coding test.

JEL Classification: C93, I21, I28

Suggested Citation

Cristia, Julian and Ibarraran, Pablo and Cueto, Santiago and Santiago, Ana and Severin, Eugenio, Technology and Child Development: Evidence from the One Laptop Per Child Program (February 2012). IDB Working Paper No. IDB-WP-304. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2032444 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2032444

Julian Cristia (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Pablo Ibarraran

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Santiago Cueto

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ana Santiago

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Eugenio Severin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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