Industry Compensation Under Relocation Risk: A Firm-Level Analysis of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme
79 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2012 Last revised: 1 Nov 2013
Date Written: October 31, 2013
When regulated firms are offered compensation to prevent them from relocating, efficiency requires that payments be distributed across firms so as to equalize marginal relocation probabilities, weighted by the damage caused by relocation. We formalize this fundamental economic logic and apply it to analyzing compensation rules proposed under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, where emission permits are allocated free of charge to carbon intensive and trade exposed industries. We show that this practice results in substantial overcompensation for given carbon leakage risk. Efficient permit allocation reduces the aggregate risk of job loss by more than half without increasing aggregate compensation.
Keywords: Industry compensation, industrial relocation, emissions trading, permit allocation, EU ETS, firm data
JEL Classification: H23, H25, Q52, Q54, F18
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