Court Output, Judicial Staffing, and the Demand for Court Services: Evidence From Slovenian Courts of First Instance

Posted: 5 Apr 2012

See all articles by Valentina P. Dimitrova-Grajzl

Valentina P. Dimitrova-Grajzl

Virginia Military Institute

Peter Grajzl

Washington and Lee University - Department of Economics; CESifo

Janez Sustersic

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Katarina Zajc

University of Ljubljana - Faculty of Law

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 4, 2012

Abstract

We contribute to the scant empirical literature on court activity by examining how judicial staffing and caseload influence court output in Slovenia, a post-socialist EU member state struggling with implementing an effective judicial system. Unlike the majority of the existing literature, we attempt to tackle endogeneity problems that arise in estimation of the determinants of court output. In addition to controlling for court fixed effects to address endogeneity due to unobserved court-level heterogeneity, an instrumental variables approach based on a plausible assumption of sequential exogeneity of our regressors allows us to address the problem of reverse causality between court output and both caseload and judicial staffing. Our findings suggest that ignoring endogeneity issues may lead to erroneous policy conclusions about the expected impact of resources, as proxied by judicial appointments, devoted to the court system. Our results imply that the primary driving force of output of Slovenian courts is the demand for their services.

Keywords: Court output, judicial staffing, caseload, endogeneity

JEL Classification: D02, K40, P37

Suggested Citation

Dimitrova-Grajzl, Valentina P. and Grajzl, Peter and Sustersic, Janez and Zajc, Katarina, Court Output, Judicial Staffing, and the Demand for Court Services: Evidence From Slovenian Courts of First Instance (April 4, 2012). International Review of Law and Economics, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2034361

Valentina P. Dimitrova-Grajzl

Virginia Military Institute ( email )

Department of Economics and Business
Scott Shipp Hall
Lexington, VA 24450
United States

Peter Grajzl (Contact Author)

Washington and Lee University - Department of Economics ( email )

Lexington, VA 24450
United States

HOME PAGE: http://home.wlu.edu/~grajzlp/

CESifo ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Janez Sustersic

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Katarina Zajc

University of Ljubljana - Faculty of Law ( email )

Dunajska 104
1000 Ljubljana, 1000
Slovenia

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