Lock-In or Lock-Out?: How Structural Properties of Knowledge Networks Affect Regional Resilience

Journal of Economic Geography, 2013

20 Pages Posted: 5 Apr 2012 Last revised: 14 Nov 2013

See all articles by Joan Crespo

Joan Crespo

University of Toulouse 1

Raphaël Suire

University of Nantes - LEMNA

Jerome Vicente

LEREPS Sciences Po Toulouse, University of Toulouse

Date Written: March 3, 2013

Abstract

The paper develops an evolutionary framework of regional resilience with a primary focus on the structural properties of local knowledge networks. After a presentation of the network-based rationales of growth and structuring of clusters, we analyze under which structural conditions a regional cluster can mix short run competitiveness without compromising long run resilience capabilities. We show that degree distribution (the level of hierarchy) and degree correlation (the level of structural homophily) of regional knowledge networks are suited properties for studying how clusters succeed in combining technological lock-in and regional lock-out. We propose a simple model of cluster structuring in order to highlight these properties, and discuss the results on a policy-oriented analysis. We conclude showing that policies for regional resilience fit better with ex ante regional diagnosis and targeted interventions on particular missing links, rather than ex post myopic applications of policies based on an unconditional increase of network relational density.

Keywords: Resilience, clusters, degree distribution, assortativity, regional policy, networks

JEL Classification: B52, D85, O33, R11, R12

Suggested Citation

Crespo, Joan and Suire, Raphael and Vicente, Jerome, Lock-In or Lock-Out?: How Structural Properties of Knowledge Networks Affect Regional Resilience (March 3, 2013). Journal of Economic Geography, 2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2034901 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2034901

Joan Crespo

University of Toulouse 1 ( email )

Place Anatole France
Toulouse Cedex, F-31042
France

Raphael Suire (Contact Author)

University of Nantes - LEMNA ( email )

Nantes, 44000
France

Jerome Vicente

LEREPS Sciences Po Toulouse, University of Toulouse ( email )

Place Anatole France
Toulouse Cedex, F-31042
France

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