Computational Dialectic and Rhetorical Invention
AI and Society, 26(1), 2011, 3-17
22 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2012
Date Written: April 5, 2012
This paper has three dimensions, historical, theoretical and social. The historical dimension is to show how the Ciceronian system of dialectical argumentation served as a precursor to recent computational models like the Carneades argumentation model. The theoretical dimension is to show concretely how these models reveal the interdependency of rhetoric and logic, and so the interdependency of the normative with the empirical. The paper brings this out by identifying points of disagreement in a dialectical format through using argumentation schemes with matching critical questions. The social dimension is to show how the Ciceronian dialectical viewpoint integrates with the use of these computational tools to support the principle of reason-based deliberation that is fundamental to deliberative democracy.
Keywords: argument invention, finding new arguments, rhetoric, artficial intelligence, Carneades
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