Acquisitive Crime, Sentencing and Detection: An Analysis of England and Wales

16 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2012  

Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay

University of Birmingham - Department of Economics

Samrat Bhattacharya

Fifth Third Bank - Asset Management Division

Marianna Koli

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Rudra Sensarma

Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Kozhikode

Date Written: April 6, 2012

Abstract

We provide the first detailed econometric analysis of the impact of sentencing on various types of acquisitive crime in England and Wales. We examine (a) whether sentencing reduces crime and (b) whether short sentences are more effective than long sentences. Detection is an important explanatory variable whose effect needs to be controlled in order to identify the impact of sentencing. To address the potential endogeneity of detection, we instrument using lagged values of police expenditure and detection. Our results show that detection is significant and negatively affects all crime types while the impact of sentences is negative and significant for all crime except robbery in a linear specification. A quadratic specification shows that the linear term is positive while the square term is negative suggesting short sentences may be counterproductive in reducing robbery. We also control for a number of socio economic variables whose effects significantly affect crime.

Suggested Citation

Bandyopadhyay, Siddhartha and Bhattacharya, Samrat and Koli, Marianna and Sensarma, Rudra, Acquisitive Crime, Sentencing and Detection: An Analysis of England and Wales (April 6, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2035639 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2035639

Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay (Contact Author)

University of Birmingham - Department of Economics ( email )

Economics Department
Birmingham, B15 2TT
United Kingdom

Samrat Bhattacharya

Fifth Third Bank - Asset Management Division ( email )

38 Fountain Square Plaza
Cincinnati, OH 45263
United States

Marianna Koli

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Rudra Sensarma

Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Kozhikode ( email )

Kerala
Kunnamangalam
Kozhikode, KS Kerala 673570
India

HOME PAGE: http://www.rudrasensarma.info

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