Poverty Alleviation and Environmental Restoration Using the Clean Development Mechanism: A Case Study from Humbo, Ethiopia

Environmental Management, Vol. 48, No. 2, pp. 322-333, 2011

Posted: 8 Apr 2012

See all articles by Douglas R. Brown

Douglas R. Brown

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Paul Dettman

World Vision Australia

Tony Rinaudo

World Vision Australia

Hailu Tefera

World Vision Australia

Assefa Tofu

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: December 4, 2010

Abstract

Poverty, hunger and demand for agricultural land have driven local communities to overexploit forest resources throughout Ethiopia. Forests surrounding the township of Humbo were largely destroyed by the late 1960s. In 2004, World Vision Australia and World Vision Ethiopia identified forestry-based carbon sequestration as a potential means to stimulate community development while engaging in environmental restoration. After two years of consultation, planning and negotiations, the Humbo Community-based Natural Regeneration Project began implementation — the Ethiopian organization’s first carbon sequestration initiative. The Humbo Project assists communities affected by environmental degradation including loss of biodiversity, soil erosion and flooding with an opportunity to benefit from carbon markets while reducing poverty and restoring the local agroecosystem. Involving the regeneration of 2,728 ha of degraded native forests, it brings social, economic and ecological benefits — facilitating adaptation to a changing climate and generating temporary certified emissions reductions (tCERs) under the Clean Development Mechanism. A key feature of the project has been facilitating communities to embrace new techniques and take responsibility for large-scale environmental change, most importantly involving Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR). This technique is low-cost, replicable, and provides direct benefits within a short time. Communities were able to harvest fodder and firewood within a year of project initiation and wild fruits and other non-timber forest products within three years. Farmers are using agroforestry for both environmental restoration and income generation. Establishment of user rights and local cooperatives has generated community ownership and enthusiasm for this project — empowering the community to more sustainably manage their communal lands.

Keywords: Agroforestry, Climate change, Carbon markets, Community participation, Farmer managed natural regeneration

Suggested Citation

Brown, Douglas R. and Dettman, Paul and Rinaudo, Tony and Tefera, Hailu and Tofu, Assefa, Poverty Alleviation and Environmental Restoration Using the Clean Development Mechanism: A Case Study from Humbo, Ethiopia (December 4, 2010). Environmental Management, Vol. 48, No. 2, pp. 322-333, 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2035934

Douglas R. Brown (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Paul Dettman

World Vision Australia ( email )

1 Vision Drive
East Burwood, VIC 3151
Australia

Tony Rinaudo

World Vision Australia ( email )

1 Vision Drive
East Burwood, VIC 3151
Australia

Hailu Tefera

World Vision Australia ( email )

1 Vision Drive
East Burwood, VIC 3151
Australia

Assefa Tofu

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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