US Auto Industry Bailouts: Will Protectionist Potholes Put a Dent in Trade and Competitiveness?
PUBLISHED VERSION CITATION: Benson, C. (2009). “U.S. Auto Industry Bailout: Will Protectionist Potholes Put a Dent in Trade and Competitiveness?” Competition Forum, Vol. 7 (1), 107-135.
30 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2012
Date Written: November 15, 2009
In the wake of global recession, governments worldwide face increasing pressures to assist ailing domestic industries, especially companies deemed "too big to fail." The auto sector provides an excellent illustration of the tensions between the need to rescue ailing domestic producers without breaching our multilateral trade commitments. This paper analyzes how specific aspects of recent auto bailout programs may violate key provisions of the WTO Agreements, and concludes that elements of such programs potentially may distort markets, encourage proliferation of similar measures by key trading partners, lead to WTO consultation or dispute settlement, and actually inhibit the global competitiveness of domestic automakers unless such programs are limited in scope and duration.
Keywords: WTO, automorive industry, bailouts, TARP, subsidies, government assistance, recession, global competition, financial crisis, Troubled Asset Relief Program, Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, prohibited subsidies
JEL Classification: F14, F13, H20, H32, L51, L92, K33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation