The Relational Versus Collective 'We' and Intergroup Allocation: The Role of Nested Group Categorization
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Forthcoming
30 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2012 Last revised: 15 Jun 2012
Date Written: April 14, 2012
Intergroup research has focused primarily, if not solely, on how an intergroup comparative context primes social categorization. The current research examines how individual differences, in terms of distinct forms of social self (the relational versus collective self), differentially drive social categorization and zero-sum resource allocation across groups nested within a superordinate group. Results show that the relational self exhibited more ingroup-biased allocations than the collective self; superordinate categorization mediated this relationship. Moreover, the relational self showed more ingroup-biased allocations under the condition of intergroup competition than cooperation; whereas the collective self showed equally unbiased allocations under the conditions of intergroup competition and cooperation. Our research suggests that competition worsens nested group relations for the relational self, but not for the collective self.
Keywords: relational self, collective self, social categorization, ingroup bias, identity
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation