The Views of the Ash'arites,The Mu'tazilites and the Extreme Orthodox on the Createdness of the Qur'an
24 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2012
Date Written: March 17, 2011
The controversy among the various schools of theology over the question whether the Qur’an is created or uncreated and eternal has been on for centuries and it seems to be unending. A glimpse at the internet will no doubt give a clear picture of this debate that is heating by the day. This debate is bound up with another question whether speech is one of God’s attributes or not. Two extremes are discernible from this debate and at the centre lay the Ash’arites who maintains an intermediary position between the two diametrically opposed schools of thought. At the one extreme were the Multazilites and a section of the Rafidites who maintain that the Qur’an was created. At the other extreme were the extreme orthodox that held an extreme anthropomorphic view as regard the divine speech. According to them the speech of God is composed of letters, words and sounds which inhere in the essence of God. Hence, this study is aimed at a critical examination of this contentious subject, in a view to highlight those unconventional tendencies which are inherent in the theological arguments of these diametrically opposed schools. The moderate position of the Asharites, will be examined viz; the Qur’an and the Sunnah.
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