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Pay Structure, Female Representation and the Gender Pay Gap Among University Professors

Posted: 18 Apr 2012  

Christine Doucet

University of Montreal - Department of Sociology

Claire Durand

University of Montreal

Michael R. Smith

McGill University - Department of Sociology

Date Written: March 15, 2012

Abstract

In this case study of faculty at a large Canadian research university we examine the extent to which the gender pay gap varies with the formalization of remuneration practices and female representation within units.

We estimate the respective contributions to the gender pay gap of base pay, access to the rank of full professor, access to and amounts of market supplements, and Canada Research Chairs. These remuneration components differ in their degree of formalization. We also examine variations in the gender pay gap across departments with different proportions of females. The use of multilevel analysis allows for the estimation of the respective contributions of individual and institutional determinants of pay.

Mixed support is found for the first hypothesis – that the magnitude of the gap varies with the degree of formalization in remuneration components. The second hypothesis that, all else being equal, the level of female representation in a given context is negatively related to remuneration is supported. Overall, the results are consistent with continuing female pay disadvantage, even in an ostensibly ‘progressive’ institutional context.

Keywords: gender pay gap, organization, pay structure, female representation

JEL Classification: J16, M52

Suggested Citation

Doucet, Christine and Durand, Claire and Smith, Michael R., Pay Structure, Female Representation and the Gender Pay Gap Among University Professors (March 15, 2012). Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations, Vol. 67, No. 1, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2042059

Christine Doucet (Contact Author)

University of Montreal - Department of Sociology ( email )

C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville
Montreal, QUÉBEC H3C3J7
Canada

Claire Durand

University of Montreal ( email )

C.P. 6128 succursale Centre-ville
Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7
Canada

Michael R. Smith

McGill University - Department of Sociology ( email )

Canada

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