Polish Antitrust Experience with Hub-and-Spoke Conspiracies
Yearbook for Antitrust and Regulatory Studies, Vol. 4, No. 5, 2011
22 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2012
Date Written: 2011
A hub-and-spoke conspiracy involves an exchange of confidential information primarily concerning future prices. The exchange takes place generally between competing distributors via a common supplier but a reverse relationship is also possible. The essence of hub-and-spoke lies in the fact that there is no direct contact between competitors – the party guaranteeing the information flow is normally the common supplier (distributor in a reverse scenario). A hub-and-spoke conspiracy was first identified and specifically described by the British Office of Fair Trade in 2003. There are currently several pending investigations concerning hub-and-spoke practices in a number of EU Member States including Germany, France, Italy and the UK.
Three cases of that type have been so far assessed in the Polish antitrust practice: Polifarb Cieszyn Wrocław (2007), Tikurilla (2010) and Akzo Nobel (2010). The main objective of this article is the reconstruction of hub-and-spoke conduct in Poland. Commented will also be issues such as: the connection between hub-and-spoke practices and ‘classic’ retail price maintenance; standard of proof, and duration of the agreements.
Keywords: hub-and-spoke, AtoBtoC coordination, exchange of information, vertical restraints, RPM, horizontal effect, standard of proof, duration of an agreement, initiator
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation