CHARM: Cooperation of Humans and Robots for Mars - Final Report

98 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2012 Last revised: 18 Dec 2012

See all articles by Natalie Bland

Natalie Bland

International Space University

Christopher Brunskill

International Space University

Jianyu Chen

International Space University

Zhaohui Chen

International Space University

Chao Chu

International Space University

Marc Dayas-Codina

International Space University

Valentina Donici

International Space University

Siegfried Eggl

International Space University

Eloi Ferrer

International Space University

David Ferrer-Desclaux

International Space University

Jake Gamsky

International Space University

Maria Daniela Graziano

International Space University

Xinjang He

International Space University

Yaunjun He

International Space University

Jason Hu

International Space University

Rohan Jaguste

International Space University

Christopher Johnson

Secure World Foundation; Georgetown University Law Centre; International Space University

Martin Kile

International Space University

Michal Kracik

International Space University

Koteswara Kuruvella

International Space University

Mark McCrum

International Space University

Justin Montheillet

International Space University

Maryam Nabavi

International Space University

Jeffrey Osborne

International Space University

Louise Phillips

International Space University

Yougeen Rezk

International Space University

Relindis Rott

International Space University

Jianxue Sang

International Space University

Helia Sharif

International Space University

Ian Silversides

International Space University

Zhenzhen Sun

International Space University

Ippei Takahashi

International Space University

Friedrich Teichman

International Space University

Latha Thankappan

International Space University

Bertrand Trey

International Space University

Petr Váňa

International Space University

Mihaela Vlasea

International Space University

Xuefeng Wang

International Space University

Bernd Weiss

International Space University

Baoyuan Wu

International Space University

Xuebin Zhu

International Space University

Date Written: September 3, 2011

Abstract

The recent past has seen robots develop into autonomous artificial agents capable of executing complex tasks. In the near future, robots will likely develop the ability to adapt and learn from their surroundings. Robots have reliance, accuracy, and can operate in hostile environments - all attributes well suited for space exploration. Robots also reduce mission costs, increase design flexibility, and maximize data production. On the other hand, when faced with new scenarios and unexpected events, robots pale in comparison with intuitive and creative human counterparts. The future of space exploration will require that mission designers balance intelligently the flexibility and ingenuity of humans with robust and sophisticated robotic systems.

The Cooperation of Humans And Robots for Mars (CHARM) team at the 2011 Space Studies Program of the International Space University integrates international, intercultural, and interdisciplinary perspectives to investigate Mars exploration objectives, robotic capabilities, and the interaction between humans and robots. Based on the goals of various space agencies, this report selects an exploration objective for the time frame between 2015 and 2035, and drafts different scenarios to accomplish this objective. Each scenario uses different degrees of human-robot interaction. A theoretical model is then developed based on discrete requirements to help create an effective combination of human and robots. The CHARM model uses an interdisciplinary approach, including technical, societal, political, legal, financial, scientific and mission risk perspectives. The results of the CHARM model are then further analyzed using these interdisciplinary aspects, with considerations to the future studies of human-robot cooperation.

The CHARM team believes that this decision-making model can be used to select missions more efficiently and rationally, thus bringing down both mission costs and risks, and making space exploration more feasible.

Keywords: Human Robotic Cooperation, International Space University, Space Studies, Vroom-Jago, Mars Exploration

Suggested Citation

Bland, Natalie and Brunskill, Christopher and Chen, Jianyu and Chen, Zhaohui and Chu, Chao and Dayas-Codina, Marc and Donici, Valentina and Eggl, Siegfried and Ferrer, Eloi and Ferrer-Desclaux, David and Gamsky, Jake and Graziano, Maria Daniela and He, Xinjang and He, Yaunjun and Hu, Jason and Jaguste, Rohan and Johnson, Christopher and Kile, Martin and Kracik, Michal and Kuruvella, Koteswara and McCrum, Mark and Montheillet, Justin and Nabavi, Maryam and Osborne, Jeffrey and Phillips, Louise and Rezk, Yougeen and Rott, Relindis and Sang, Jianxue and Sharif, Helia and Silversides, Ian and Sun, Zhenzhen and Takahashi, Ippei and Teichman, Friedrich and Thankappan, Latha and Trey, Bertrand and Váňa, Petr and Vlasea, Mihaela and Wang, Xuefeng and Weiss, Bernd and Wu, Baoyuan and Zhu, Xuebin, CHARM: Cooperation of Humans and Robots for Mars - Final Report (September 3, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2044194 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2044194

Natalie Bland

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Christopher Brunskill

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Jianyu Chen

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Zhaohui Chen

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Chao Chu

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Marc Dayas-Codina

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Valentina Donici

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Siegfried Eggl

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Eloi Ferrer

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

David Ferrer-Desclaux

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Jake Gamsky

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Maria Daniela Graziano

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Xinjang He

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Yaunjun He

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Jason Hu

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Rohan Jaguste

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Christopher Johnson (Contact Author)

Secure World Foundation ( email )

1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-568-6214 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.swfound.org/

Georgetown University Law Centre ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.law.georgetown.edu/faculty/christopher-d-johnson/

International Space University ( email )

1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-568-6214 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.swfound.org/

Martin Kile

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Michal Kracik

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Koteswara Kuruvella

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Mark McCrum

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Justin Montheillet

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Maryam Nabavi

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Jeffrey Osborne

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Louise Phillips

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Yougeen Rezk

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Relindis Rott

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Jianxue Sang

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Helia Sharif

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Ian Silversides

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Zhenzhen Sun

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Ippei Takahashi

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Friedrich Teichman

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Latha Thankappan

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Bertrand Trey

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Petr Váňa

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Mihaela Vlasea

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Xuefeng Wang

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Bernd Weiss

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Baoyuan Wu

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Xuebin Zhu

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

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