Describing Human Decisions in Agent-Based Social-Ecological Models - ODD+D an Extension of the ODD Protocol

39 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2012 Last revised: 4 May 2012

See all articles by Birgit Müller

Birgit Müller

UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle

Friedrich Angermueller

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle

Romina Drees

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle

Gunnar Dressler

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle

Jürgen Groeneveld

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle

Christian Klassert

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle

Maja Schlüter

Stockholm University; Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology

Jule Schulze

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle

Hanna Weise

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle

Nina Schwarz

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle

Date Written: April 23, 2012

Abstract

Multiple agent-based models (ABM) on social-ecological systems exist in parallel investigating similar research questions. However, the choice of a particular human decision model is often not sufficiently empirically or theoretically substantiated in the model documentation. Furthermore, model comparison is difficult because model descriptions are often incomplete, intransparent and difficult to understand. Therefore we expand and refine the ‘ODD’ (Overview, Design Concepts, and Details) protocol to establish a standard to describe ABMs which includes human decision making (ODD+D). Since the original ODD is mainly from an ecological perspective, some adaptations are necessary for the social-ecological context. We extended and rearranged the design concepts and related guiding questions to differentiate and describe decision making, adaptation and learning of the agents in a comprehensive and clearly structured way. Furthermore, ODD+D encompasses a section on ‘Theoretical and empirical background’ to encourage that model design and model assumptions are related more closely to theory. The application of ODD+D is illustrated with a description of a social-ecological ABM on water use. We believe that our expansions help to make the ODD protocol a most suitable protocol to describe social-ecological ABMs and may support the review process of related manuscripts. The ODD+D protocol does not only improve the quality of model descriptions but also improves our understanding of models and is an important necessary step forward developing theory respectively frameworks for social-ecological ABMs.

Keywords: adaptation, agent-based modeling, decision making process, human behavior, human-environmental interaction, learning, natural resource use, ODD model description, simulation model, standard protocol

JEL Classification: C60, C80, C90, D70, D80

Suggested Citation

Müller, Birgit and Angermueller, Friedrich and Drees, Romina and Dressler, Gunnar and Groeneveld, Jürgen and Klassert, Christian and Schlüter, Maja and Schulze, Jule and Weise, Hanna and Schwarz, Nina, Describing Human Decisions in Agent-Based Social-Ecological Models - ODD+D an Extension of the ODD Protocol (April 23, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2044736 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2044736

Birgit Müller (Contact Author)

UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle ( email )

Permoserstrasse 15
D-04318 Leipzig
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=15522

Friedrich Angermueller

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle ( email )

Permoserstrasse 15
D-04318 Leipzig
Germany

Romina Drees

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle ( email )

Permoserstrasse 15
D-04318 Leipzig
Germany

Gunnar Dressler

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle ( email )

Permoserstrasse 15
D-04318 Leipzig
Germany

Jürgen Groeneveld

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle ( email )

Permoserstrasse 15
D-04318 Leipzig
Germany

Christian Klassert

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle ( email )

Permoserstrasse 15
D-04318 Leipzig
Germany

Maja Schlüter

Stockholm University

Stockholm, SE-106 91
Sweden

Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology ( email )

Müggelseedamm 310
Berlin
Germany

Jule Schulze

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle ( email )

Permoserstrasse 15
D-04318 Leipzig
Germany

Hanna Weise

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle ( email )

Permoserstrasse 15
D-04318 Leipzig
Germany

Nina Schwarz

UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle ( email )

Permoserstrasse 15
D-04318 Leipzig
Germany

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