Target Financial Reporting Quality and M&A Deals that Go Bust
Posted: 26 Apr 2012
Date Written: April 24, 2012
This study investigates the role of financial reporting quality in merger and acquisition (M&A) deals that are ultimately terminated, (i.e., go bust). If a target is a U.S. publicly-traded company, an acquirer’s initial assessment of the potential benefits associated with the acquisition of the company is based on publicly available information. Generally, the acquirer obtains limited private information from the target prior to announcing the deal, but engages in transactional due diligence after signing the acquisition agreement to affirm that the financial reporting warranties made by the target are accurate. We construct a low quality financial reporting score based on measures prior research identifies as being associated with less-reliable, less-relevant, and less precise financial reporting. We find that acquirers offer higher premiums for targets with low quality financial reporting. However, we also find that low quality financial reporting increases the likelihood of deal renegotiation, and contributes to the probability of deals going bust. We document that failed targets are more likely to restate their financial statements after the announcement of the deal, supporting our conjecture that low quality financial reporting contributes to deals being terminated. Our research provides new insights into the capital market consequences of financial reporting quality and identifies a new determinant of financial statement restatements.
Keywords: Mergers and acquisitions, Financial reporting quality, Due diligence, Restatements
JEL Classification: G34, L14, M41, D82
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation