Politics and Prosecutions, from Katherine Fite to Fatou Bensouda
Proceedings of the Fifth International Humanitarian Law Dialogs, Elizabeth Andersen and David M. Crane, eds., 2012, Forthcoming
16 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2012
Date Written: April 26, 2012
Based on the Katherine B. Fite Lecture delivered at the 5th Annual International Humanitarian Law Dialogs in Chautauqua, New York, this essay examines the role that politics has played in the evolution of international criminal justice. It first establishes the frame of the lecture series and its relation to IntLawGrrls blog, a cosponsor of the IHL Dialogs. It then discusses the career of the series' namesake, Katherine B. Fite, a State Department lawyer who helped draft the Charter of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg and who was, in her own words, a "political observer" of the proceedings. The essay then turns to the the International Criminal Court, in which the first Prosecutor insisted that his was a "judicial" mandate wholly separate from politics. With an eye to transition this year, when a new Prosecutor will assume office, it considers how the ICC might work more effectively within the context of policy choices its officers make.
Keywords: International Criminal Court, international organizations, Security Council, international law, Fatou Bensouda, Katherine B. Fite, legal history, Nuremberg, International Military Tribunal
JEL Classification: K00, K33, K14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation