Thatcherism - 'A Heavy Hand and a Light Touch'
Banking Systems in the Crisis - The Faces of Liberal Capitalism, Forthcoming
27 Pages Posted: 2 May 2012
Date Written: March 1, 2012
The decline of British industry, along with monetarism, economic liberalization and the rise of the financial sector are popularly associated with the 1980s and Margaret Thatcher’s Conservative government. But British industry had already passed its peak nearly a century before. Unregulated financial markets were in full swing in London by the late 1950s, with the emergence and growth of the Eurodollar and wholesale money markets there. Monetarist policy was attempted by Heath’s Conservative government during the early 1970s and endorsed by the Labour party leader, James Callaghan, later in the decade; and the need for a loan from the IMF in 1976 laid the foundations for much of what would later become known as ‘Thatcherism’. This paper examines Britain’s return to economic liberalism during the three decades leading-up to the 2008 global financial crisis (GFC) and its experience of the crisis.
Keywords: Global financial crisis, United Kingdom, Light touch regulation
JEL Classification: N10, N20, P12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation