85 Pages Posted: 3 May 2012
Date Written: October 9, 2011
We present a model with leverage and margin constraints that vary across investors and time. We find evidence consistent with each of the model’s five central predictions: (1) Since constrained investors bid up high-beta assets, high beta is associated with low alpha, as we find empirically for U.S. equities, 20 international equity markets, Treasury bonds, corporate bonds, and futures; (2) A betting-against-beta (BAB) factor, which is long leveraged low beta assets and short high-beta assets, produces significant positive risk-adjusted returns; (3) When funding constraints tighten, the return of the BAB factor is low; (4) Increased funding liquidity risk compresses betas toward one; (5) More constrained investors hold riskier assets.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Frazzini, Andrea and Pedersen, Lasse Heje, Betting Against Beta (October 9, 2011). Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper No. 12-17. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2049939 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2049939