Gender, Geography and Generations: Intergenerational Educational Mobility in Post-Reform India

49 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by M. Shahe Emran

M. Shahe Emran

George Washington University - Department of Economics

Forhad Shilpi

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 1, 2012

Abstract

India experienced sustained economic growth for more than two decades following the economic liberalization in 1991. While economic growth reduced poverty significantly, it was associated with an increase in inequality. Does this increase in inequality reflect deep-seated inequality of opportunity or efficient incentive structure in a market oriented economy? This paper provides evidence on economic mobility in post-reform India by focusing on the educational attainment of children. It uses two related measures of immobility: sibling and intergenerational correlations. The paper analyzes the trends in and patterns of educational mobility from 1992/93 to 2006, with a special emphasis on the roles played by gender and geography. The evidence shows that family background plays a strong role; the estimated sibling correlation in India in 2006 is higher than the available estimates for Latin American countries. There is a persistent gender gap in rural and less-developed areas. The only group that experienced substantial improvements is women in urban and developed areas, with the lower caste women benefiting the most. Almost 70 percent of the variance in children's education can be accounted for by parental education and geographic location. The authors provide possible explanations for the apparently puzzling improvements for urban women in a country with strong son preference.

Keywords: Population Policies, Primary Education, Education and Society, Population & Development, Rural Development Knowledge & Information Systems

Suggested Citation

Emran, M. Shahe and Shilpi, Forhad, Gender, Geography and Generations: Intergenerational Educational Mobility in Post-Reform India (May 1, 2012). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6055. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2050278

M. Shahe Emran (Contact Author)

George Washington University - Department of Economics ( email )

2115 G Street NW
302 Monroe Hall
Washington, DC 20052
United States

Forhad Shilpi

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-458-7476 (Phone)
202-522-1151 (Fax)

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
83
Abstract Views
568
rank
227,684
PlumX Metrics