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Breast Cancer in Mexico: A Pressing Priority

Reproductive Health Matters Vol. 16 (32), Nov 2008. 113-123

Posted: 4 May 2012 Last revised: 15 May 2012

Felicia Marie Knaul

Mexican Health Foundation; Harvard Global Equity Initiative

Gustavo Nigenda

Medical University of Sofia

Rafael Lozano

World Health Organization

Héctor Arreola-Ornelas

Fundación Mexicana para la Salud, A.C.

Ana Langer

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Julio Frenk

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Date Written: November 1, 2008

Abstract

Breast cancer is a serious threat to the health of women globally, and an unrecognised priority in middle-income countries. This paper presents data from Mexico. It shows that breast cancer accounts for more deaths than cervical cancer since 2006. It is the second cause of death for women aged 30–54 and affects all socio-economic groups. Data on detection, although under-reported, show 6,000 new cases in 1990, and a projected increase to over 16,500 per year by 2020. Further, the majority of cases are self-detected and only 10% of all cases are detected in stage one. Mexico's social security systems cover approximately 40–45% of the population, and include breast cancer treatment. As of 2007, the rest of the population has the right to breast cancer treatment through the Popular Health Insurance. Despite these entitlements, services are lacking and interventions for early detection, particularly mammography, are very limited. As of 2006 only 22% of women aged 40–69 reported having a mammogram in the past year. Barriers exist on both the demand and supply sides. Lobbying, education, awareness-building and an articulated policy response will be important to ensure expanded coverage, access to and take-up of both treatment and early detection. ©2008 Reproductive Health Matters. All rights reserved.

Keywords: breast cancer and screening, cervical cancer, socio-economic status, health policy

Suggested Citation

Knaul, Felicia Marie and Nigenda, Gustavo and Lozano, Rafael and Arreola-Ornelas, Héctor and Langer, Ana and Frenk, Julio, Breast Cancer in Mexico: A Pressing Priority (November 1, 2008). Reproductive Health Matters Vol. 16 (32), Nov 2008. 113-123. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2050467

Felicia Marie Knaul (Contact Author)

Mexican Health Foundation ( email )

Periférico sur 4809, El Arenal Tepepan, Tlalpan
El Arenal Tepepan, Tlalpan
Mexico, D.F., 14610
Mexico
(52) 55 56559011 (Phone)
(52) 55 56559082 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://http//www.funsalud.org.mx

Harvard Global Equity Initiative ( email )

FXB Building, Room 632
651 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
United States
(617) 4327938 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://isites.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=k62597&pageid=icb.page268594

Gustavo Nigenda

Medical University of Sofia

Bialo more str. N 8
Sofia, 1527
Bulgaria

Rafael Lozano

World Health Organization ( email )

20 Avenue Appia
Geneva 27, CH-1211
Switzerland

Héctor Arreola-Ornelas

Fundación Mexicana para la Salud, A.C. ( email )

Periférico sur 4809, El Arenal Tepepan, Tlalpan
México, D.F., 14610
México, 14610

Ana Langer

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health ( email )

677 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
United States

Julio Frenk

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation ( email )

P.O. Box 23350
Seattle, WA 98102
United States

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