Like Father, Like Son? Intergenerational Education Mobility in India
47 Pages Posted: 8 May 2012 Last revised: 24 Aug 2014
Date Written: August 20, 2014
Using nationally representative and publicly available India Human Development Survey (IHDS), we create a unique son-father matched data that is representative of the entire adult male population (aged 20-65) in India. We use this data to document the evolution of intergenerational transmission of educational attainment in India over time, among different castes, and states for the birth cohorts of 1940-85. We find that educational persistence, as measured by the regression coefficient of fathers’ education as a predictor of schooling in the next generation, has declined over time. This implies increases in average educational attainment are driven primarily by increases among children of less educated fathers. However, we do not find such declining trend in the correlation between sons and fathers education, another commonly used measure of persistence. To understand the source of such a discrepancy between the two measures of educational persistence we decompose the intergenerational correlation and find that although persistence has declined at the lower end of fathers’ educational distribution, it has increased at the top end of the fathers’ educational distribution.
Keywords: J6, I28
JEL Classification: Intergenerational Mobility, Educational Persistence, India
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation