Equilibrium Innovation Ecosystems: The Dark Side of Collaborating with Complementors
Quaderni DSE Working Paper No. 825
26 Pages Posted: 5 May 2012
Date Written: May 4, 2012
The recent years have exhibited a burst in the amount of collaborative activities among fi rms selling complementary products. This paper aims at providing a rationale for such a large extent of collaboration ties among complementors. To this end, we analyze a game in which the two producers of a certain component have the possibility to form pairwise collaboration ties with each of the two producers of a complementary component. Once ties are formed, each of the four fi rms decides how much to invest in improving the quality of the match with each possible complementor, under the assumption that collaborating with a complementor makes it cheaper to invest in enhancing match quality with such complementor. Once investment choices have taken place, all fi rms choose prices for their respective components. Our main fi nding in this setting is that fi rms end up forming as many collaboration ties as it is possible, although they would all prefer a scenario where collaboration were forbidden, unlike a social planner.
Keywords: Systems Competition, Complementary Products, Interoperability, Collaboration Link, Co-opetition, Exclusivity
JEL Classification: L13, M21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation