UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies
UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies: Law and Legitimacy (Cambridge Univ. Press 2012)
Posted: 8 May 2012 Last revised: 21 Feb 2015
Date Written: May 7, 2012
The adoption of the Charter of the United Nations in 1954 marked a breakthrough for international human rights, with the following decades dedicated to their codification. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) was adopted in 1965, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) as well as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) were adopted in 1966. This phase was followed by the adoption of an array of thematic human rights conventions, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) (1979) and the Convention Against Torture of Other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) (1984), which have attracted an impressive number or ratifications.
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