Financial Crisis, Health Outcomes and Ageing: Mexico in the 1980s and 1900s

Journal of Public Economics, 84(2):279-303.

59 Pages Posted: 8 May 2012 Last revised: 28 May 2012

See all articles by David M. Cutler

David M. Cutler

Harvard University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Felicia Knaul

Mexican Health Foundation; Harvard Global Equity Initiative

Rafael Lozano

World Health Organization

Oscar Mendez

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Beatriz Zurita

Fundacion Mexicana para la Salud

Date Written: 2002

Abstract

We study the impact of economic crisis on health in Mexico. There have been four widescale economic crises in Mexico in the past two decades, the most recent in 1995-96. We find that mortality rates for the very young and the elderly increase or decline less rapidly in crisis years as compared with non-crisis years. In late 1995-96 crisis, mortality rates were about 5 to 7 percent higher in the crisis years compared to the years just prior to the crisis. This translates into a 0.4 percent increase in mortality for the elderly and a 0.06 percent increase in mortality for the very young. We find tentative evidence that economic crises affect mortality by reducing incomes and possibly by placing a greater burden on the medical sector, but not by forcing less healthy members of the population to work or by forcing primary caregivers to go to work.

Suggested Citation

Cutler, David M. and Knaul, Felicia and Lozano, Rafael and Mendez, Oscar and Zurita, Beatriz, Financial Crisis, Health Outcomes and Ageing: Mexico in the 1980s and 1900s (2002). Journal of Public Economics, 84(2):279-303.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2053934

David M. Cutler

Harvard University - Department of Economics ( email )

Littauer Center, Room 315A
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United States
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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

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Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
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United States

Felicia Knaul (Contact Author)

Mexican Health Foundation ( email )

Periférico sur 4809, El Arenal Tepepan, Tlalpan
El Arenal Tepepan, Tlalpan
Mexico, D.F., 14610
Mexico
(52) 55 56559011 (Phone)
(52) 55 56559082 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://http//www.funsalud.org.mx

Harvard Global Equity Initiative ( email )

FXB Building, Room 632
651 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
United States
(617) 4327938 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://isites.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=k62597&pageid=icb.page268594

Rafael Lozano

World Health Organization ( email )

20 Avenue Appia
Geneva 27, CH-1211
Switzerland

Oscar Mendez

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Beatriz Zurita

Fundacion Mexicana para la Salud ( email )

Periferico Sur No. 4809
El Arenal Tepepan
Tlalpan C.P. 14610
Mexico

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