South-South Migration and the Labor Market: Evidence from South Africa
41 Pages Posted: 9 May 2012
Date Written: March 1, 2012
Using census data for 1996, 2001 and 2007, we study the labor market eﬀect of immigration in South Africa. In this period the share of foreign born over the total population has grown by almost ﬁfty percent, and both the characteristics and geographical distribution of immigrants show substantial variation over time. We exploit these features of the data to carry out an analysis that combines both the “spatial correlation” approach pioneered by Card (1990) and the variation across schooling and experience groups used by Borjas (2003). We estimate that increased immigration has a negative eﬀect on natives’ employment outcomes, but not on total income. Furthermore, we ﬁnd that skilled South Africans appear to be the most negatively aﬀected subgroup of the population.
Keywords: Immigration, Labor market eﬀects, South Africa
JEL Classification: F22, J61
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation