The Forensic Debut of the NRC's DNA Report: Population Structure, Ceiling Frequencies, and the Need for Numbers

Genetica, Vol. 96, pp. 99-105, 1995

11 Pages Posted: 8 May 2012

See all articles by David H. Kaye

David H. Kaye

Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law; Arizona State University - Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law - School of Life Science

Date Written: July 16, 1994

Abstract

This paper reviews judicial opinions that have discussed the April 1992 recommendations of a committee of the U.S. National Research Council concerning the statistics of forensic DNA profiles obtained with single-locus VNTR probes. It observes that a few courts have held "ceiling frequencies" (as opposed to less "conservative" estimates) admissible, but that the implications of the scientific criticisms of the ceiling procedures have yet to be addressed adequately in court opinions. It urges courts to distinguish between policy judgments and scientific assessments in both the NRC report and the scientific literature, and to defer less to the former than to the latter.

Keywords: Forensic DNA, Ceiling Frequencies, NRC Report, Courts, DNA evidence

Suggested Citation

Kaye, David H., The Forensic Debut of the NRC's DNA Report: Population Structure, Ceiling Frequencies, and the Need for Numbers (July 16, 1994). Genetica, Vol. 96, pp. 99-105, 1995. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2054784

David H. Kaye (Contact Author)

Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law ( email )

University Park, PA 16802
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.personal.psu.edu/dhk3/index.htm

Arizona State University - Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law - School of Life Science ( email )

111 E Taylor St.
Phoenix, AZ 85004
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.personal.psu.edu/dhk3/index.htm

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