Countering Terrorism in Maritime Southeast Asia: Soft and Hard Power Approaches
Journal of Asian And African Studies, 1-14, 2011
16 Pages Posted: 13 May 2012
Date Written: November 30, 2011
There are two main approaches in the global war on terrorism (GWOT). On the one hand, the hard approach entails physical engagements which cripple destructive plans by terrorists, such as bombings. Through the legislative, judiciary and executive arms of the state, the modern state uses methods such as arrest, surveillance, intelligence and detention to cripple damaging initiatives by terrorists. The soft approach, on the other hand, attempts to debase terrorist ideology through a counter-ideology discourse against radical ideologies which encourage political violence. Through the soft approach, Muslim organizations and leaders debunk terrorist’s ideology of hate and violence. This article attempts to elucidate efforts made by governments, and of particular interest are contributions made by Muslim leaders in maritime Southeast Asia to counter the ideology and activities of terrorism.
Keywords: counter-terrorism, Hard power, Indonesia, Malaysia, Muslim leaders/organizations, Singapore, soft power
JEL Classification: Z00
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation