Countering Terrorism in Maritime Southeast Asia: Soft and Hard Power Approaches

Journal of Asian And African Studies, 1-14, 2011

Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy Research Paper No. LKYSPP 11-39

16 Pages Posted: 13 May 2012

See all articles by Syed Mohammed Aljunied

Syed Mohammed Aljunied

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy

Date Written: November 30, 2011

Abstract

There are two main approaches in the global war on terrorism (GWOT). On the one hand, the hard approach entails physical engagements which cripple destructive plans by terrorists, such as bombings. Through the legislative, judiciary and executive arms of the state, the modern state uses methods such as arrest, surveillance, intelligence and detention to cripple damaging initiatives by terrorists. The soft approach, on the other hand, attempts to debase terrorist ideology through a counter-ideology discourse against radical ideologies which encourage political violence. Through the soft approach, Muslim organizations and leaders debunk terrorist’s ideology of hate and violence. This article attempts to elucidate efforts made by governments, and of particular interest are contributions made by Muslim leaders in maritime Southeast Asia to counter the ideology and activities of terrorism.

Keywords: counter-terrorism, Hard power, Indonesia, Malaysia, Muslim leaders/organizations, Singapore, soft power

JEL Classification: Z00

Suggested Citation

Aljunied, Syed Mohammed, Countering Terrorism in Maritime Southeast Asia: Soft and Hard Power Approaches (November 30, 2011). Journal of Asian And African Studies, 1-14, 2011; Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy Research Paper No. LKYSPP 11-39. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2056187

Syed Mohammed Aljunied (Contact Author)

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy ( email )

Singapore 117591
Singapore
6590042827 (Phone)

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