The Industrial District: From Marshall to Becattini
University of Parma - Dipartimento di Economia
May 11, 2012
Il pensiero economico italiano, a. XVI, n. 2, 2008, pp. 71-80.
This paper examines how the concept of industrial district, widely recognised as an Italian construct, took shape. It assesses to what extent the concept was tailored to fit the peculiar trait of the Italian economic development, as is claimed by some international authors, and to what extent it is the product of an original interpretation of the thought of Alfred Marshall. The concept of industrial district is probably the most important and is certainly best-known idea of Giacomo Becattini, the Italian economist thanks to whom Marshall has been brought back to the collective memory of economists. Industrial district constitutes a model of production organised by local communities in order to produce goods to meet and steer market wants, in Italy and other countries, too. But this paper contends that without the work of Becattini in tracing the ideological foundations of Marshall’s economic thought, the industrial district would probably today be ignored.
Note: Downloadable document is in Italian.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 10
Keywords: Giacomo Becattini, industrial district, cluster, genesis and spread of economic ideas
JEL Classification: B31, L23, O18
Date posted: May 13, 2012