Explaining the Pathways between Approach-Avoidance Personality Traits and Employees’ Job Search Behavior

52 Pages Posted: 12 May 2012

See all articles by Ryan D. Zimmerman

Ryan D. Zimmerman

Texas A&M University - Department of Management

Wendy R. Boswell

Texas A&M University - Department of Management

Abbie J. Shipp

Texas A&M University - Department of Management

Benjamin B. Dunford

Purdue University - Department of Management

John W. Boudreau

University of Southern California

Date Written: May 11, 2012

Abstract

Research suggests that certain personality characteristics lead to greater (or lesser) withdrawal from work, yet little research has examined exactly how personality translates into withdrawal behavior. To address this question, the present study demonstrated that the approach-avoidance personality traits of extraversion and neuroticism each showed simultaneous positive and negative effects on job search behaviors of employed individuals depending on the mediating mechanism involved (i.e., ambition values, job search self-efficacy, perceived job challenge, work burnout, perceived financial inadequacy, and job satisfaction). Our findings extend theoretical insights on the pathways linking dispositional traits and employee withdrawal behaviors, and suggest how employers can more precisely anticipate and mitigate employees’search for new employment.

Suggested Citation

Zimmerman, Ryan D. and Boswell, Wendy R. and Shipp, Abbie J. and Dunford, Benjamin B. and Boudreau, John W., Explaining the Pathways between Approach-Avoidance Personality Traits and Employees’ Job Search Behavior (May 11, 2012). Mays Business School Research Paper No. 2012-46. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2056473 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2056473

Ryan D. Zimmerman (Contact Author)

Texas A&M University - Department of Management ( email )

430 Wehner
College Station, TX 77843-4218
United States

Wendy R. Boswell

Texas A&M University - Department of Management ( email )

430 Wehner
College Station, TX 77843-4218
United States

Abbie J. Shipp

Texas A&M University - Department of Management ( email )

430 Wehner
College Station, TX 77843-4218
United States

Benjamin B. Dunford

Purdue University - Department of Management ( email )

West Lafayette, IN 47907-1310
United States

John W. Boudreau

University of Southern California ( email )

2250 Alcazar Street
Los Angeles, CA 90089
United States

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