Do Intelligent Leaders Make a Difference? The Effect of a Leader's Emotional Intelligence on Followers' Creativity

12 Pages Posted: 12 May 2012

See all articles by Francisca Castro

Francisca Castro

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jorge Gomes

University of Lisbon

Fernando Sousa

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: June 2012

Abstract

This research investigates the connection between emotional intelligence (EI) and creativity. This was studied by exploring: (i) an association between leaders' EI and their followers' creative output; (ii) an association between six sub‐dimensions of EI and creativity; and (iii) a mediating role of climate in the link between EI and creativity. Two questionnaires (one for leaders and one for employees) were used to collect data in a hospital. Sixty‐six usable leader‐employee dyads were collected. The findings confirmed a positive relationship between leaders' EI and employees' creativity. At an EI's sub‐dimensions level, the current research showed an association between creativity, on one hand, and self‐encouragement and understanding of own emotions, on the other. Finally, no mediating effect of climate was observed. The absence of a mediating effect is interesting, since it suggests a direct link between leaders' EI and employees' creativity, regardless of the climate. This is important, since it calls attention to the paramount role of leaders in shaping individual and organizational behaviours as far as creativity is concerned. The paper also discusses implications for management and practice.

Suggested Citation

Castro, Francisca and Gomes, Jorge and Sousa, Fernando, Do Intelligent Leaders Make a Difference? The Effect of a Leader's Emotional Intelligence on Followers' Creativity (June 2012). Creativity and Innovation Management, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 171-182, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2056670 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8691.2012.00636.x

Francisca Castro (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Jorge Gomes

University of Lisbon

R. Branca Edmée Marques
Dept. Plant Biology
Lisboa, 1600-276
Portugal

Fernando Sousa

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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