Electoral Rules, Forms of Government and Redistributive Policy: Evidence from Agriculture and Food Policies
40 Pages Posted: 21 May 2012
Date Written: November 16, 2011
We investigate the effect of electoral rules and forms of government on public policy outcomes using a new dataset on agriculture and food policies from 74 countries over the 1960-2005 period. Using both cross-sectional and panel data analyses we find robust evidence that the specific nature of democratic institutions has important consequences for public policy. Proportional democracies and presidential democracies – compared to majoritarian and parliamentary democracies – give more public support to agriculture and less to food consumers. The magnitude of these constitutional effects are stronger for import-competitive sectors and staple food crops. The effects seem independent from the ideology orientation of governments.
Keywords: Electoral rules, forms of government, agriculture and food policy, political economy
JEL Classification: D72, F13, H23, O13, P16, Q18
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