Structural Change in Developing Countries: Has it Decreased Gender Inequality?

University of Zurich Department of Economics Working Paper No. 77

43 Pages Posted: 23 May 2012

See all articles by Michelle Rendall

Michelle Rendall

University of Zurich - Department of Economics

Date Written: May 14, 2012

Abstract

This paper examines the evolution of female labor market outcomes from 1987 to 2008 by assessing the role of changing labor demand requirements in four developing countries: Brazil, Mexico, India and Thailand. The results highlight the importance of structural change in reducing gender disparities by decreasing the labor demand for physical attributes. The results show that India, the country with the greatest physical labor requirements, exhibits the largest labor market gender inequality. In contrast, Brazil's labor requirements have followed a similar trend seen in the United States, reducing gender inequality in both wages and labor force participation.

Keywords: Structural Change, Job Tasks, Female Employment, Wage Gap, Latin America, Asia

JEL Classification: J20, J23, J24, J31, O31, O33

Suggested Citation

Rendall, Michelle, Structural Change in Developing Countries: Has it Decreased Gender Inequality? (May 14, 2012). University of Zurich Department of Economics Working Paper No. 77. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2064680 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2064680

Michelle Rendall (Contact Author)

University of Zurich - Department of Economics ( email )

Zürich
Switzerland

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