Justice for Profit: A Comparative Analysis of Australian, Canadian and U.S. Third Party Litigation Funding
American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 61, No. 2, 2013
56 Pages Posted: 26 May 2012 Last revised: 10 Feb 2013
Date Written: May 23, 2012
Third party litigation funding (TPLF) has emerged as one of the most important developments in civil litigation. Courts and policymakers in several countries are looking to each other as they debate the costs and benefits of this growing industry, and the need for regulatory oversight. Such cross-pollination in the public and jurisprudential debates on TPLF can be enormously helpful, but must be approached with caution. The TPLF industry operates in very different procedural environments, and any comparative analysis must take into account the various jurisdictions’ unique litigation culture and architecture. In this paper, the authors explore TPLF in the U.S., Australia and Canada, with a focus on class action litigation in the latter two jurisdictions. They examine the historical development of TPLF, current practices, the legal and procedural context within which such funding takes place, and how each jurisdiction is addressing regulation of this form of finance. In the final part of the paper, they engage in a comparative analysis of TPLF in the three countries, and highlight important differences that may ultimately result in unique approaches to regulatory oversight of the industry.
Keywords: litigation, finance, costs, class actions
JEL Classification: K00, K10, K41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation