Knowledge-Intensive Entrepreneurship and Opportunities in Two Polish Industries

CASE Network Studies And Analyses No. 440

39 Pages Posted: 23 May 2012

See all articles by Richard Woodward

Richard Woodward

Centre for Social and Economic Research (CASE); University of Edinburgh - Business School

Elzbieta Wojnicka

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Wojciech Pander

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research - CASE-Advisors

Date Written: May 1, 2012

Abstract

Following the broad overview of knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship (KIE), or new firm creation in industries considered to be science-based or to use research and development (R&D) intensively, presented in our previous working paper (Woodward et al., 2012), this working paper presents an analysis of two Sectoral Innovation Systems (Malerba, 2002) in the Polish context, presenting case studies of two industries (software and machine tool manufacturing), based on statistical data, interviews with industry experts, and firm-level case studies. We review three sets of opportunities facing firms in these industries: market, technological, and institutional opportunities. Both of these industries appear to be more innovative, and produce more patents, than Polish industry as a whole; their effectiveness in obtaining public assistance is also above average. The software industry is a young and dynamically growing one everywhere, and Poland is no exception. Companies in the industry tend to be young and very small. In Poland, they are very focused on the domestic market and play the role of 'knowledge customizers' rather than 'knowledge creators'; in an international comparison, even with other post-communist countries in East Central Europe, the Polish software industry appears to have a low R&D intensity. Companies in the machine tool industry are rather larger and somewhat older, and the industry is stable rather than growing in terms of turnover (and declining in terms of employment). Perhaps surprisingly, they are also more innovative and somewhat more export-oriented. However, an international comparison reveals firms in both of these Polish industries to be less innovative than their counterparts in other European countries.

Keywords: knowledge-based economy, entrepreneurship, transition, post-communist, SMEs, Poland

JEL Classification: L26, O31, O52, P27

Suggested Citation

Woodward, Richard and Wojnicka, Elzbieta and Pander, Wojciech, Knowledge-Intensive Entrepreneurship and Opportunities in Two Polish Industries (May 1, 2012). CASE Network Studies And Analyses No. 440, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2065250 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2065250

Richard Woodward (Contact Author)

Centre for Social and Economic Research (CASE) ( email )

Al. Jana Pawła II 61/212
00-944 Warsaw, 01-031
Poland

University of Edinburgh - Business School

University of Edinburgh
29 Buccleuch Place
Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 9JS
United Kingdom

Elzbieta Wojnicka

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Wojciech Pander

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research - CASE-Advisors ( email )

Sienkiewicza 12
Fourth Floor
Warsaw, 00-010
Poland

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