Multidimensional Evaluation of Managed Relocation

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol.106, 2009, pp.9721-9724

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2012-49

Posted: 25 May 2012  

David M. Richardson

Centre for Invasion Biology, Department of Botany and Zoology, Stellenbosch University

Jessica J. Hellman

Department of Biological Sciences

Jason S. McLachlan

University of Notre Dame, College of Biological Sciences

Dov F. Sax

Brown University

Mark W. Schwartz

Department of Environmental Science and Policy

Patrick Gonzalez

Independent

Alejandro E. Camacho

University of California Irvine School of Law; Center for Progressive Reform

Terry L. Root

Stanford University - Woods Institute for the Environment

Osvaldo E. Sala

Brown University

Stephen H. Schneider

Stanford University - Department of Biological Sciences

Daniel Ashe

Independent

Ben A. Minteer

Arizona State University, Center for Biology and Society, School of Life Sciences

Stephen Polasky

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities - Department of Applied Economics

Jean Brennan

Defenders of Wildlife

Jamie Rappaport Clark

Defenders of Wildlife

Regan Early

Brown University, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Julie R. Etterson

University of Minnesota - Duluth, Biology

E. Dwight Fielder

US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Managment

Jacquelyn L. Gill

Brown University

Hugh D. Safford

Government of the United States of America - US Forest Service

Andrew R. Thompson

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Southwest Fisheries Science Center

Mark Vellend

Université de Sherbrooke, Département de biologie; University of British Columbia (UBC), Depts of Botany, Zoology & Biodiversity Research Centre

Date Written: 2009

Abstract

Managed relocation (MR) has rapidly emerged as a potential intervention strategy in the toolbox of biodiversity management under climate change. Previous authors have suggested that MR (also referred to as assisted colonization, assisted migration, or assisted translocation) could be a last-alternative option after interrogating a linear decision tree. We argue that numerous interacting and value-laden considerations demand a more inclusive strategy for evaluating MR. The pace of modern climate change demands decision making with imperfect information, and tools that elucidate this uncertainty and integrate scientific information and social values are urgently needed. We present a heuristic tool that incorporates both ecological and social criteria in a multidimensional decision-making framework. For visualization purposes, we collapse these criteria into 4 classes that can be depicted in graphical 2-D space. This framework offers a pragmatic approach for summarizing key dimensions of MR: capturing uncertainty in the evaluation criteria, creating transparency in the evaluation process, and recognizing the inherent tradeoffs that different stakeholders bring to evaluation of MR and its alternatives.

Keywords: assisted migration, climate change, conservation biology, conservation strategy, sustainability science

Suggested Citation

Richardson, David M. and Hellman, Jessica J. and McLachlan, Jason S. and Sax, Dov F. and Schwartz, Mark W. and Gonzalez, Patrick and Camacho, Alejandro E. and Root, Terry L. and Sala, Osvaldo E. and Schneider, Stephen H. and Ashe, Daniel and Minteer, Ben A. and Polasky, Stephen and Brennan, Jean and Rappaport Clark, Jamie and Early, Regan and Etterson, Julie R. and Fielder, E. Dwight and Gill, Jacquelyn L. and Safford, Hugh D. and Thompson, Andrew R. and Vellend, Mark, Multidimensional Evaluation of Managed Relocation (2009). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol.106, 2009, pp.9721-9724; UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2012-49. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2065577

David M. Richardson (Contact Author)

Centre for Invasion Biology, Department of Botany and Zoology, Stellenbosch University

Private Bag X1
Stellenbosch, Western Cape 7602
South Africa

Jessica J. Hellman

Department of Biological Sciences ( email )

361 Mendoza College of Business
Notre Dame, IN New South Wales 46556-5646
United States

Jason S. McLachlan

University of Notre Dame, College of Biological Sciences ( email )

361 Mendoza College of Business
Notre Dame, IN New South Wales 46556-5646
United States

Dov F. Sax

Brown University ( email )

Box 1860
Providence, RI 02912
United States

Mark W. Schwartz

Department of Environmental Science and Policy ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
United States

Patrick Gonzalez

Independent

No Address Available

Alejandro E. Camacho

University of California Irvine School of Law ( email )

401 East Peltason Drive
4500-A
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States
949-824-4160 (Phone)

Center for Progressive Reform ( email )

500 West Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD 21201
United States

Terry L. Root

Stanford University - Woods Institute for the Environment ( email )

Seattle, WA 98115
United States

Osvaldo E. Sala

Brown University ( email )

Box 1860
Providence, RI 02912
United States

Stephen H. Schneider

Stanford University - Department of Biological Sciences ( email )

Stanford, CA
United States

Daniel Ashe

Independent

No Address Available

Ben A. Minteer

Arizona State University, Center for Biology and Society, School of Life Sciences ( email )

Farmer Building 440G PO Box 872011
Tempe, AZ 85287
United States

Stephen Polasky

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities - Department of Applied Economics ( email )

1994 Buford Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108
United States
612-625-9213 (Phone)
612-625-2729 (Fax)

Jean Brennan

Defenders of Wildlife ( email )

National Headquarters
1130 17th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
(202) 682-9400 ext 162 (Phone)

Jamie Rappaport Clark

Defenders of Wildlife ( email )

National Headquarters
1130 17th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
1-800-385-9712 (Phone)

Regan Early

Brown University, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology ( email )

Box 1860
Providence, RI 02912
United States
401-863-2799 (Phone)

Julie R. Etterson

University of Minnesota - Duluth, Biology ( email )

1049 University Drive
Duluth, MN 55812
United States

E. Dwight Fielder

US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Managment

1849 C Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20240
United States
(202) 452-7761 (Phone)

Jacquelyn L. Gill

Brown University ( email )

Box 1860
Providence, RI 02912
United States

Hugh D. Safford

Government of the United States of America - US Forest Service

1400 Independence Ave., SW
Madison, WI 87109
United States

Andrew R. Thompson

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Southwest Fisheries Science Center ( email )

P.O. Box 271
La Jolla, CA 92038-0271
United States
(858) 546-7132 (Phone)
(858) 546-5651 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://swfsc.noaa.gov/staff.aspx?id=15597

Mark Vellend

Université de Sherbrooke, Département de biologie ( email )

2500 bd de l'Universite
Sherbrooke, Québec J1K 2R1
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://www3.botany.ubc.ca/vellend/

University of British Columbia (UBC), Depts of Botany, Zoology & Biodiversity Research Centre

2329 West Mall
Vancouver, British Columbia BC V6T 1Z4
Canada

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