Nonlinear Kalman Filtering in Affine Term Structure Models
46 Pages Posted: 24 May 2012 Last revised: 4 Oct 2013
Date Written: October 1, 2013
The extended Kalman filter, which linearizes the relationship between security prices and state variables, is widely used in fixed income applications. We investigate if the unscented Kalman filter should be used to capture nonlinearities, and compare the performance of the Kalman filter to that of the particle filter. We analyze the cross section of swap rates, which are mildly nonlinear in the states, and cap prices, which are highly nonlinear. When caps are used to filter the states, the unscented Kalman filter significantly outperforms its extended counterpart. The unscented Kalman filter also performs well when compared to the much more computationally intensive particle filter. These findings suggest that the unscented Kalman filter may prove to be a good approach for variety of problems in fixed income pricing.
The appendices for this paper are available at the following URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2322760
Keywords: Kalman filtering, nonlinearity, term structure models, swaps, caps
JEL Classification: G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation