How the Millennium Development Goals are Unfair to Africa

10 Pages Posted: 25 May 2012

See all articles by William Easterly

William Easterly

New York University - Department of Economics

Date Written: 2008

Abstract

Those involved in the millennium development goal (MDG) campaign routinely state ‘‘Africa will miss all the MDGs.” This paper argues that a series of arbitrary choices made in defining ‘‘success” or ‘‘failure” as achieving numerical targets for the MDGs made attainment of the MDGs less likely in Africa than in other regions even when its progress was in line with or above historical or contemporary experience of other regions. The statement that ‘‘Africa will miss all the MDGs” thus has the unfortunate effect of making African successes look like failures.

Keywords: human development, millennium development goals, poverty, foreign aid, Africa

Suggested Citation

Easterly, William, How the Millennium Development Goals are Unfair to Africa (2008). World Development, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 26-35, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2066805

William Easterly (Contact Author)

New York University - Department of Economics ( email )

269 Mercer Street
New York, NY 10003
United States

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