Corporate Social Responsibility and Stakeholder Value Maximization: Evidence from Mergers
51 Pages Posted: 28 May 2012 Last revised: 5 Feb 2014
Date Written: March 1, 2013
Using a large sample of mergers in the U.S., we examine whether corporate social responsibility (CSR) creates value for acquiring firms’ shareholders. We find that compared to low CSR acquirers, high CSR acquirers realize higher merger announcement returns, higher announcement returns on the value-weighted portfolio of the acquirer and the target, and larger increases in post-merger long-term operating performance. They also realize positive long-term stock returns, suggesting that the market does not fully value the benefits of CSR immediately. In addition, we find that mergers by high CSR acquirers take less time to complete and are less likely to fail than mergers by low CSR acquirers. These results suggest that acquirers’ social performance is an important determinant of merger performance and the probability of its completion, and support the stakeholder value maximization view of stakeholder theory.
Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Stakeholder Theory, Agency Problem, Nexus of Contract, Merger, Announcement Return
JEL Classification: G34, M1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation