Ambidexterity in Networks: The Effect of Pooling Knowledge From Different Network Structures

34 Pages Posted: 1 Jun 2012

See all articles by Abel Lucena

Abel Lucena

University of the Balearic Islands, and CREB

Rebeca Mendez-Duron

Universidad de las Islas Baleares

Date Written: May 31, 2012

Abstract

Firms within a network may interact in two nearly opposite structures: structural holes and network closures. We propose that these two network structures align with different search activities. Structural holes relate to exploratory knowledge search, while closures favor exploitative knowledge search. We posit that ambidexterity between these search activities through different network structures allows firms to improve their innovativeness and performance. We test our hypothesis with a sample of 205 biopharmaceutical firms within a network of licenses agreements. Our results support the ambidexterity hypothesis in different network structures. Implications derived from our study shed light on the network designs to promote firm innovativeness.

Keywords: ambidexterity, networks, exploration, exploitation, biopharmaceutical industry, innovation

JEL Classification: O31, D21, D23

Suggested Citation

Lucena, Abel and Mendez-Duron, Rebeca, Ambidexterity in Networks: The Effect of Pooling Knowledge From Different Network Structures (May 31, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2071221 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2071221

Abel Lucena

University of the Balearic Islands, and CREB ( email )

Crtra. Valldemossa, km 7.5
Palma de Mallorca, Illles Balears 07122
Spain
34 971 17 20 03 (Phone)
34 971 17 23 89 (Fax)

Rebeca Mendez-Duron (Contact Author)

Universidad de las Islas Baleares ( email )

Crtra. Valldemossa, km 7.5
Ed. Jovellanos
Palma de Mallorca, Illles Balears 07122
Spain
+34-971172001 (Phone)
+34-971172389 (Fax)

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