Abstract

https://ssrn.com/abstract=2071499
 
 

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Warning Bell: Liberals Implicitly Respond to Group Morality Before Rejecting it Explicitly


Jesse Graham


University of Southern California

Zoe Englander


University of Virginia

James P. Morris


University of Virginia

Carlee Beth Hawkins


University of Virginia

Jonathan Haidt


New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business

Brian A. Nosek


University of Virginia

May 31, 2012


Abstract:     
Moral Foundations Theory (Haidt & Graham, 2007) explains the intractability of many political disagreements as the result of liberals and conservatives reacting to different patterns of intuitive moral concerns. Research using self-report measures has shown that liberals endorse the Care/harm and Fairness/cheating foundations but generally do not endorse the Loyalty/betrayal, Authority/subversion, and Sanctity/degradation foundations, while conservatives endorse all five types of moral concerns (Graham, Haidt, & Nosek, 2009). Research on ideology and implicit attitudes (Jost, Federico, & Napier, 2010; Jost, Nosek, & Gosling, 2008) suggests that liberals may have more of a discrepancy between implicit reactions and endorsed attitudes than do conservatives. The present studies test whether liberals have implicit reactions to moral stimuli that contradict their consciously endorsed attitudes. The studies take a multi-method approach in order to measure moral reactions using different foundation-related stimuli and procedures, including self-reported gut reactions (Study 1), evaluative priming (Study 2), the Affect Misattribution Procedure (Study 3), and EEG event-related potentials (Study 4). The studies provide convergent evidence of implicit group-focused moral concerns in liberals not captured by explicit measures.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 59

Keywords: moral intuitions, political ideology, individual differences, automaticity, implicit, moral foundations, politics


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Date posted: June 1, 2012  

Suggested Citation

Graham, Jesse and Englander, Zoe and Morris, James P. and Hawkins, Carlee Beth and Haidt, Jonathan and Nosek, Brian A., Warning Bell: Liberals Implicitly Respond to Group Morality Before Rejecting it Explicitly (May 31, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2071499 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2071499

Contact Information

Jesse Graham (Contact Author)
University of Southern California ( email )
Los Angeles, CA 90089-1061
United States
2137409535 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.usc.edu/grahamlab
Zoe Englander
University of Virginia ( email )
1400 University Ave
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States
James P. Morris
University of Virginia ( email )
1400 University Ave
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States
Carlee Beth Hawkins
University of Virginia ( email )
1400 University Ave
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States
Jonathan Haidt
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business ( email )
NYU-Stern School of Business
44 West 4th Street
New York, NY NY 10012
United States

Brian A. Nosek
University of Virginia ( email )
1400 University Ave
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States
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