Birth Rates and Border Crossings: Latin American Migration to the US, Canada, Spain and the UK

20 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2012

See all articles by Gordon H. Hanson

Gordon H. Hanson

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Craig McIntosh

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 2012

Abstract

We use census data for the US, Canada, Spain and UK to estimate bilateral migration rates to these countries from 25 Latin American and Caribbean nations over the period 1980 to 2005. Latin American migration to the US is responsive to labour supply and demand shocks as well as natural disasters. Latin American migration to Canada, Spain and the UK, in contrast, is largely insensitive to these shocks, responding only to civil and military conflict. The results are consistent with US immigration being mediated by market forces and immigration to the other countries being insulated from labour market shocks.

Suggested Citation

Hanson, Gordon H. and McIntosh, Craig, Birth Rates and Border Crossings: Latin American Migration to the US, Canada, Spain and the UK (June 2012). The Economic Journal, Vol. 122, Issue 561, pp. 707-726, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2073107 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0297.2012.02509.x

Gordon H. Hanson (Contact Author)

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS) ( email )

9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92093-0519
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Craig McIntosh

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS) ( email )

9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92093-0519
United States

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