Coastline Pollution Problems of Karachi

International Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Development, Vol. 4, Issue 2, 2012

Posted: 3 Jun 2012 Last revised: 23 Sep 2012

See all articles by Dr. Irfan Hameed

Dr. Irfan Hameed

Iqra University

Yasir Soomro

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Atif Shahab Butt

Iqra University

Rehan Shakoor

IQRA University

Date Written: May 31, 2012

Abstract

In this research paper major pollution problems faced by Karachi Coastline have been discussed. These are the problems by several reasons e.g., untreated waste and sewage from factories are drained into the sea as well as oil spills from ships and fishing trawlers transiting the port. The shipping industry, through its discharges, water pollution, and possible leakages and spills, impacts on this environment. Toxic effects either direct or indirect by bio-accumulation of oil, DDT, PCB, and various metals; avoidance reaction by fish and shrimp because of poor water quality, distortion of organisms and reduction in their reproduction because of poor water quality and the fact that parts of the mudflat areas are being covered with oil; and increased erosion because dying mangroves can no longer reinforce the banks with their roots. There are some citizen action groups opposing the progress. These were also discussed and at the end some solutions to the problems were presented. If that plan should be followed the whole outlook of the Karachi can be changed.

Keywords: Coastline, Environment, Bio-accumulation, Water pollution

JEL Classification: Q15, Q16, Q24, Q26, Q53

Suggested Citation

Hameed, Irfan and Soomro, Yasir and Butt, Atif Shahab and Shakoor, Rehan, Coastline Pollution Problems of Karachi (May 31, 2012). International Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Development, Vol. 4, Issue 2, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2074374

Irfan Hameed (Contact Author)

Iqra University ( email )

Defence View, Phase-2
Karachi, Sindh
Pakistan

Yasir Soomro

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Atif Shahab Butt

Iqra University ( email )

Defence View, Phase-2
Defence View
Karachi, SD Sindh 74560
Pakistan
111264264 (Phone)
5894806 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.iqra.edu.pk

Rehan Shakoor

IQRA University ( email )

Defence View
Shaheed-e-Millat Road (Ext.)
Karachi, Sindh 75500
Pakistan

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