Spain 2011 Pension Reform

FEDEA Working Paper No. 2012-03

39 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2012 Last revised: 15 Nov 2012

See all articles by J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz

J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz

Foundation for Applied Economic Research (FEDEA)

Clara I. Gonzalez

Banco de España

Date Written: April 1, 2012


The aim of this paper is to evaluate the impact of the Spanish pension reform enacted in 2011. We use an accounting model with heterogeneous agents and overlapping generations in order to project revenues and expenditures of the pension system for the next four decades. Specifically, we analyze the impact of changes in the replacement rate, in the period of calculation and the delay of the retirement age. We obtain results under two alternative migration scenarios: (i) a combination of the latest figures released by the INE, which forecast a reduced annual immigration net flow of some 70,000 persons; and (ii) a revised scenario featuring a more generous hypothesis concerning this net flow. We demonstrate that the results show that these three changes instigated by the reform could imply a savings of about 3 percentage points of GDP in 2051. However, we couldn’t include in the evaluation the sustainability factor (that transforms the Spanish system in a defined contribution scheme) that will started in 2027 due to the lack of details in the text of the Reform. Finally, we analyze the changes in average pensions by gender, skill, and nationality.

Keywords: aging, Spanish pension system, reform, accounting projection model, heterogeneous agents, overlapping generations

JEL Classification: H55, J11, J26

Suggested Citation

Conde-Ruiz, J. Ignacio and Gonzalez, Clara I., Spain 2011 Pension Reform (April 1, 2012). FEDEA Working Paper No. 2012-03. Available at SSRN: or

J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz

Foundation for Applied Economic Research (FEDEA) ( email )

Jorge Juan 46
Madrid, 28001
+34 91 435 9020 (Phone)
+34 91 577 9575 (Fax)

Clara I. Gonzalez (Contact Author)

Banco de España ( email )

Alcala 50
Madrid 28014

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