The Optional Instrument of European Contract Law: Opting-in through Standard Terms: A Reply to Simon Whittaker
Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law
October 1, 2011
European Review of Contract Law (ERCL), Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 82-87, March 2012
Max Planck Private Law Research Paper No. 12/10
In a paper recently published (The Optional Instrument of European Contract Law and Freedom of Contract, ERCL 7 (2011) 371 – 388 at p. 388), Simon Whittaker has criticized the “reduction of an individual consumer’s protection” resulting from the adoption of an optional instrument on European contract law such as the one now contemplated by the European Commission (the “Optional Instrument”). The article contains a number of propositions which will not be tackled here. This comment is confined to consumer contracts and to a pertinent key assumption of Whittaker: that a standard term exercising the option in favour of the Optional Instrument would be subject to judicial review under Directive 93/13 on unfair contract terms in consumer contracts.
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 7
Keywords: European contract law, optional instrument, policy considerations, consumer contracts, choice-of-law clauses, Rome I Regulation, Unfair Contract Terms Directive
Date posted: June 8, 2012 ; Last revised: September 3, 2012