Value Divergence in Global Intellectual Property Law
58 Pages Posted: 13 Jun 2012 Last revised: 6 May 2013
Date Written: June 6, 2012
It is a challenge for the United States to adequately protect the interests of its intellectual property industries. It is particularly difficult to effectively achieve this objective when the interests of the United States are not in line with the social, cultural and economic goals of other nations. Yet, as a major exporter of intellectual property protected goods, the United States has an interest in negotiating effective international intellectual property agreements that are perceived to be legitimate by the state signatories and their constituents. Focusing on value divergence, this paper contributes to the growing body of literature on developing a robust but flexible global intellectual property system. The paper argues that the trade-based approach to global intellectual property law undermines the apparent gains made in this area because it promotes a utilitarian economic view of intellectual property law while minimizing other values. Trade-based intellectual property also reduces the need for intellectual property interests to align, and therefore fails to achieve mutually beneficial agreement on substantive intellectual property law and policy.
Keywords: intellectual property, patent, copyright, trademark, traditional knowledge, cultural values, global intellectual property system, trade-based, access to knowledge, access to medicines, ACTA, TPP, DMCA, China Intellectual Property Dispute, Canada Patent Pharmaceuticals Dispute, TRIMs, Canada, EU
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