The Growth Costs of Malaria

31 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2000

See all articles by F. Desmond McCarthy

F. Desmond McCarthy

World Bank

Holger C. Wolf

Georgetown University - Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (SFS)

Yi Wu

Georgetown University - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 2000

Abstract

Malaria ranks among the foremost health issues facing tropical countries. In this paper, we explore the determinants of cross-country differences in malaria morbidity, and examine the linkage between malaria and economic growth.

Using a classification rule analysis, we confirm the dominant role of climate in accounting for cross-country differences in malaria morbidity. The data, however, do not suggest that tropical location is destiny: controlling for climate, we find that access to rural healthcare and income equality influence malaria morbidity.

In a cross-section growth framework, we find a significant negative association between higher malaria morbidity and the growth rate of GDP per capita which is robust to a number of modifications, including controlling for reverse causation. The estimated absolute growth impact of malaria differs sharply across countries; it exceeds a quarter percent per annum in a quarter of the sample countries. Most of these are located in Sub-Saharan Africa (with an estimated average annual growth reduction of 0.55 percent).

JEL Classification: F43, I10, O10

Suggested Citation

McCarthy, F. Desmond and Wolf, Holger C. and Wu, Yi, The Growth Costs of Malaria (January 2000). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=208294 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.208294

F. Desmond McCarthy

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Holger C. Wolf (Contact Author)

Georgetown University - Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (SFS) ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States
202-687-8079 (Phone)
202-687-8359 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://georgetown.edu/faculty/wolfhc/

Yi Wu

Georgetown University - Department of Economics ( email )

ICC 580
Washington, DC 20057
United States
202-687-5601 (Phone)
202-687-6102 (Fax)

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