The Crises of Identity: Globalization and its Impacts on Socio-Cultural and Psychological Identity Among Pakhtuns of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan
11 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2012
Date Written: June 12, 2012
Globalization, like a flood tide has destroyed cultural identities, stable localities and displacing peoples. The present study focuses on globalization and its consequences on socio-cultural and psychological identity among Pakhtuns belonging to Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. Total samples of 100 teachers were selected from two strata (three universities and eight colleges) of Malakand Division. The data was collected through questionnaire using stratified random sampling technique (Proportionate method). The data was statistically analyzed and chi-square test was used to judge the association between globalization and its consequences on the sociocultural and psychological identity crises in Pakthuns culture. The results show that globalization has created various cultural, religious and psychological identity crises including cultural imperialism and pluralism, changes traditional social structure, encouragement of secularization, decline in social solidarity and creating complexity in social relations.
Keywords: Globalization, crises, social structure, Secularization, Globalization
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