Gender and Development: Socio-Cultural, Economic, Religious and Political Impediments in Women’s Empowerment and Gender Development: A Case Study of Malakand Division KPK Pakistan
BIOINFO Sociology, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2011, pp. 15-24
10 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2012
Date Written: 2011
Gender development and women’s empowerment in various social, economic, religious and political aspects of life is a key towards national development. The present paper is an empirical study about socio-cultural, economic, religious and political impediments that exist in women’s empowerment and gender development in Tehsil Batkhela of Malakand Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The data has been collected during a survey in 2009-10 from 228 educated female respondents in three union councils of Tehsil Batkhela using stratified random sampling technique and structured questionnaire as a tool of data collection. The data has been analyzed through SPSS with the application of Chi-square test and correlation technique. The results of the study enumerate that socio-political, economic, and religious constraints exist to a greater extent in women’s empowerment and gender development. The study suggests that proper policy making; implementation, education to both genders and equal socialization and the role of government would promisingly increase gender development and women’s empowerment in Pakhtun society.
Keywords: Empowerment, Impediments, misperception, dependency, social, cultural, political
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