The Ignominy of Evenness: An Exploratory Study of Pakhtun Social Organization in Gendered Occupational Decision-Making Among Pakhtuns of Malakand, KPK Pakistan
International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol. 2, No. 24, p. 142, December 2011
16 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2012
Date Written: 2011
Gender disparity is no limited to a specific region, society or culture, but in-fact it is a global and universal matter of concern (Naz and Rehman, 2011). History shows numerous miseries in which the severe one is gender disparity and inequality (Khan, 2011). The current research study persists to explore gender based discrimination in occupational decision making process in a typical traditional society of Pakhtuns of Malakand KPK Pakistan. The study overtly describes women's deprivation and subjugation with respect to their occupational decision-making. The was undertaken in Batkhela (capital of District Malakand "former Malakand Agency"), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan and the data was collected from 200 respondents including both male and female through stratified random sampling technique and pre-determined interview schedule for data collection. The collected information has been analyzed in the form of tables, charts and findings have been verified through applying Chi-Square test. In addition, the study has been framed in the light of Marxist Feminism, which reflects a strong relation between the ethnography of the area and the collected information in respect of occupational role. Resultantly, the study reveals that the process of occupational decision-making is extremely gendered biased that is caused by the practice of patriarchy, male dominance, customary law and rigidity of Pakhtun social organization.
Keywords: decision-making, Pakhtun social organization, patriarchy, customs and traditions, religious misinterpretation
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation