Competition in Services and Efficiency of Manufacturing Firms: Does 'Liberalization' Matter?
Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) - Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE)
February 1, 2012
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, LICOS Discussion Paper No. 311/2012
In developed economies, services form an increasing proportion of inputs employed by manufacturing firms. While downstream firms act in a very competitive environment, services often operate in protected or highly regulated markets. In this paper, I empirically investigate whether the degree of competition in services affects the efficiency of manufacturing firms through services production inputs. By using both firm and sector level data for France, through input-output analysis I show that variations in the upstream competition, especially in network industries, affect the average productivity level in manufacturing industry: an increase in average markups is associated with a reduction in manufacturing productivity. The findings differ according to firms size and initial efficiency level: in the short run less efficient and small firms are relatively mostly harmed by an uncompetitive service sector.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 47
Keywords: Service sector, competition, productivity, I-O tables
JEL Classification: D24, L11, L51, L80
Date posted: June 16, 2012